The Cold war was ended, and the Soviet Union was collapsed. Russia, the former Soviet Union, faced and beard many hardship with the economic devastation, the social crises, the political transformation, and the independence declaration of the states that used to live under her controlling. Meanwhile, the US forced her to more dangerous situations through supporting the states that declared independence from Russia, forced her to transform the economic, political and social institutions, intervened her internal affair, the most important thing was that US not only did not destroy NATO, but trying to enlarge and spread more members and closer to Russian borders, and planned to install THAAD in west Europe.
In international arena, US as the one remain superpower saw it as the best time to build New World Order. To lead the world government or New World Order, US plays the traditional game with the new rules which means 1) weakens Russia and other major power countries, 2) uses any mean to force any country that does not accept American values and systems, and 3) uses US international organization to shape her interest and allies.
In this situations, USA and EU viewed Russia as the weak country that had no weigh in international affair. In 2001, when the terrorist attacked on World Trade Center, Russia offered the suggestion to the US by asking for international cooperation to fight against terrorism. But the suggestion was rejected. US fought against terrorism in Afghanistan. After controlling Central Asia which used to under USSR’s controlling, US put its military bases there. US used the wars against terrorism as an excuse to establish new world order, lead the world government, and seek natural resources. For example, Iraq war in 2003 without UN’s approval, the war that led to the global fragmentations.
The US wants to lead the unipolar world under its principles while Russia wants to see the multipolar world. The US views the chaos that causing by any state as the chance that it can use its international law to intervene. As Henry Kissinger wrote in his article “ the chance for new world order” that “As the new U.S. administration prepares to take office amidst grave financial and international crises, it may seem counterintuitive to argue that the very unsettled nature of the international system generates a unique opportunity for creative diplomacy”.
Since the Wilson and until president Barak Obama, America wants to lead the unipolar world under its leadership and system. The U.S views the lack of common purpose and world government of world order as the causes of wars and conflicts. As President Barak Obama said in his farewell speech to UN assembly by calling to work together and criticizing against those who seek to reject the global integration. He even showed many unresolvable problems because of the lacking of the global order. He went to warn the new President Donald Trump about the danger of American if it leaves international affair. “A nation ringed by walls would only imprison itself,” Obama said. After becoming the President he even said the U.S could not leave the international arena.
“We must not leave the international affair and must not keep the world under our military might. We have to act as a good example to the world”. Henry Kissinger, Hillary Clinton, and Obama still committed to playing their international role in building global order and stability. “America, at its best, is a problem-solving nation. And our continued commitment to renovating and defending the global order will determine whether we build a future of peace, progress, and prosperity in which people everywhere have the opportunity to live up to their God-given potential” wrote Hillary Clinton. Whether the League of Nations or United Nations, the hard power or soft power reflects American ambition of unipolar world and setting up the new global order.