Both had the same big goal in mind: to expand power and rule the entire kingdom, but their concepts, policies, and psychology were very different. Cao Coa ruled over and coerced the King and warlords, grabbed the land that controlled by other warlords, and used all means at his power to enhance his dominion, while Lui Bei invented reasons to reconstruct the Han dynasty, showed respect to the captive king, showed deepest mercy to the suffered people, sought support and cooperation among the warlords, and elevated himself to prominence. Sun Quan is another leader, in addition to Lui Bei and Cao Cao (styled Zhongmou). Sun Quan’s reasoning was not to support or oppose Han, but to maintain territory, protect his ancestors’ legacy, develop power and flexibility, and adjust the relationship between two great men for his benefit.
Three Kingdom leaders were all supported by the same strong subordinates, both wise councilor and capable warriors. Aside from these important players, there were many other warlords who were bold, audacious, and powerful by grabbing a vast territory, vie for power, and expanding their land. To say in short, all wanted to be a king after the central administration was so weak. And those men used their different strategies and intelligence.
To summarize the story, Sima Yi’s grandson recounted the saying “weeping cicada seeks to drink dew but does not know the locust is crawling behind.” Catastrophe can happen at any time and should not be ignored. However, only the strong guy, while facing the worst, will be able to handle properly. To persuade the masses to keep up, each party must rely on its ability, intelligence, strength, and principles. Three kingdoms of the New Century is a very wonderful thinktank for understanding the nature of world politics.
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