The 21st century is the new era of global politics, global economics and the global era that bring the peoples and the world into the close interconnectedness through the advancements of technological and commercial reasons. It was considered, since the end of cold war, to be the era of peace and prosperity which means the global trading and cooperation will play the more important role than anything else. The global and regional trading being created and extended smoothly anywhere. The regional and global political organizations show the connection, cooperation and the will of the world leaders to promote peace and reduce conflicts. These factors make the world brighter like the sunshine and the rainbow on the horizon after the heavy raining. The world that had been destroyed by two world wars and the cold war, now meeting the new global order, the global agenda that set up by Bush in the last decade of 20th century and proceeded by Bill Clinton that“ New world order cannot be reversed”.
The author like Francis Fukuyama who is very confident in American system considered it as “the end of history”. He regarded the democracy as the ultimate form of human government and the end of Soviet Union will lead to a transformation of world politics. He gave two reasons the logic of modern science and the struggling for recognition. However, many authors reacted with the strong argument against the concept of the “end of history” and regard this new century will bring to the new problems. Charles Hauss in his book “Beyond confrontation-transforming the new world order” regarded it as the global crisis of peoples and governments, while Professor Samuel Huntington views it as the “clash of civilizations”.
The United Nations also warned the many crises that can draw the world into the catastrophe. United Nations warned and divided into 15 major issues: 1. insubstantial development, 2. clean water, 3. the population and resources, 4. democratization, 5. Global foresight and decision-making, 6. global convergence of IT, 7. rich and poor gap, 8. health issue, 9. education and learning, 10. Peace and conflict, 11. Status of women, 12. Transitional organized crime, 13. Energy, 14. Science and technology, 15. Global ethics. Meanwhile, the world economic forum laid out the ten major risks that the world will face in next decade are 1. Failure of the national government, 2. Interstate conflict, 3. Man-made environmental disasters, 4. Illicit trade, 5. Cyber-attacks, 6. Data fraud or theft, 7. Terrorist attacks, 8. Natural disasters, 9. Large-scale involuntary immigration, 10. Extreme weather events.
The twentieth century was a period of great international violence. In World War I (1914- 18), roughly nine million people died on European battlefields. About fifty million people were killed during World War II (1939-45), well over half of them civilians. The Cold war divided the world into different blogs and wars. The US, Soviet Union, and China engaged in the war indirectly. The two World Wars and Cold war were ended and the trading and cooperation are being flourished. But there is nothing can guarantee that the disastrousness will never happen again. This cycle of violence will continue far into the new millennium. The competition between the superpowers still existed and being extended and updated in many areas. They do it in the way that very hard to understand, more sublime and wiser. There is no a trust among the superpowers. The alliances, military bases, geopolitics, and geo-economics, modernization in military equipment, nuclear proliferation, and armed trading are being conducted. The wars for resources and energy support among the superpowers make the regional and international tensions. The world as if in the stage of organizing the order, in the stage of transformation. The well-known strategic thinkers such as Henry Kissinger believes in order to make a better future of this world peace and prosperity last long, some sacrifices and hardship must be done. He views the clashes everywhere in Asia, Middle East, Africa, Europe, and the clashes of international economic and political institutions as the result of the lack of common purpose of World order. The hardship we bear today, the better future we get. He said:
“Today Americans would be outraged if U.N troops entered Los Angeles to restore order, tomorrow they will be grateful. This is especially true if they were told there was and outside threat from beyond whether real or promulgated, that threatened our every existence. It is then that all peoples of the world will pledge with the world leaders to deliver them from this evil”.
Another globalist, DHeavid Rockefeller, who wishes and plans to put American system to the global world even the world face more dangerous. To him, if the new world order can be created after the major crisis, it is better to have the crisis. In the transformational stage, it is usual that the hardship and sacrifice are there. The crisis is always inevitable in human history, but we need the right crisis to make a better world, to make the world free and beautiful under the one world government. He even prefers to be the culprit to achieve the plan.
“We are on the verge of a global transformation. All we need is the right major crisis and the nations will accept the new world order”.
Arthur Schlesinger preceded boldly in 1995:
“We are not going to achieve new world order without paying for it in blood as well as in words and money”.
In contrast, Russia and China want the multipolar and pluralism. They never wish to have a global government and the one world dominant. Naturally, there is no strong man on earth wants to live under other’s will. They try any mean possible to protect their national interest and to make sure that their values are being flourished. As political philosophy says “it is foolish if you do not protect your national interest and hope that the other nations will do it for you”. They view one another as the threat to their existence and act with great concern. The fear of being offensive and the ambition to be dominant are the main causes of competitions. There are three factors that each nation fear of one another and goes into the high competition: a) the absence of a central authority that sits above states and can protect them from each other, b) the fact that states always have some offensive military capability, and c) the fact that states can never be certain about other states’ intentions.
The world most influential leader and the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, who try his best to make sure that his country and people are secure and safe, escape the threat from the US-NATO who expanding its members and geopolitics closer to Russian boundary, can never trust in American foreign policy. To Russia, America was an old enemy during Cold War, a present controversial that has tried to seize, lie, and steal Russian secrecy. President Putin said:
“In a situation where you had domination by one country and its allies, or its satellites rather, the search for global solutions often turned into an attempt to impose their own universal recipes. This group’s ambitions grew so big that they started presenting the policies they put together in their corridors of power as the view of the entire international community. But this is not the case”.
Meanwhile, America views Russia as the aggressor that want to restore the old empire, as an enemy whom threat to it and its allies. As mentioned by President Barack Obama “Russia is the second and biggest enemy to the US after terrorist, the most threat to the US security”. And Henry Kissinger regards Russian activities as enmity who acts against the US everywhere, “Russia acts as the enemy against America anywhere in the rest of the world”. The US and Russia getting worse recently, especially when America invaded Iraq in 2003, Russian War in Georgia in 2008, Russia annexed the Kreme in 2014, Syrian war in 2015, and during the US presidential election in 2016. Meanwhile, the US in George Bush viewed China, her partner during the Cold War, as the strategic opponent. They even set up the web to seize China in South East Asia, Central Asia, and Asia-pacific. In 2017 new President, Donald Trump views China as the bad guy who play the bad economic game, lack of integrity and honesty. China knew since the end of Cold War that it will confront with the US. To China, that is US that tries to seize and intervene her internal affair.
In the 21st century, the world was divided into three camps 1) the west includes Russia, 2. Pacific Rim, Asia, and 3. Islamic world. These three camps have their differences in values, geopolitics, sizes, populations, and economic booms. In this new century, many countries realizing the economic growth and stability, better social welfare and high standard of living such as US, EU, and Japan etc., while others still in poverty, instability, low education. The main actors in the new world are US, China, Russia and EU that play very dominant roles in shaking the world stage, drive the world into the high economic growth very fast, and change the color of the world. However, it should not be forgotten the importance of the new rising economic power such as India, Brazil, South Africa, Australia, and the former of second largest economic power, Japan. Not only these major countries but central Asia, Middle East, ASEAN, North America and Latin America. In these circumstances, what the new world order might be? In what way, and principles should it be applicable and acceptable to all? What games will be played by superpowers? And what positions should be held?