The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan. The sea carries tremendous strategic importance; one-third of the world’s shipping passes through it, carrying over $3 trillion in trade each year, it contains lucrative fisheries, which are crucial for the food security of millions in Southeast Asia. Huge oil and gas reserves are believed to lie beneath its seabed.
The most important are strategies and shipping straits. The Sea determines Chinese security, power, influence, and economy. As summarized about the China conclusion about its failure that down the Middle Kingdom to the object of colonization was not about its men, but “it was because of outdated system, poor equipment and the ignorance of Maritime strategy”. And China concept of deterrence is “advantaged position” and afraid of “encirclement”. China is surrounded by many powerful countries on the land borders, internal risky of Tibet and Xinjiang, Japan in long and vast ocean and islands, and the US’s navies and ships that can travel closer to China under the word “ Free Navigation” and “ International Law”.
Henry ideas are: a) China feels unsecured by American navies because if the war break out, b) America and its allies will move quickly to the land and cities, c) therefore, China has to draw America navies as far as possible, d) China invests tremendous on navy power is coerced by her experienced of bitter invasion and ignorance of Maritime strategy, e) if the war happen, it will use the sea to fight. In the secret negotiation, China says “we guarantee your access to the sea, we do not bloc”. America says “no, we do not need your guarantee. It is the free navigation. We travel under international law”. The Sea is the throat of many countries. However, Henry said “He does not much worries about the South China Sea”. His most concerns is about the “Belt and Road Initiative”. The South China Sea “is the security problems. China wants to keep American Navies away from its territory”.