First of all, China uses its combined political, economic, and military resources to further its objectives without fighting with other major powers such as the United States. In addition, a single authoritarian state may have an advantage in using centralized state planning to allocate resources and compete on both a civil and military level. Despite including some general information on civil, economic, and technological competition, the analysis focuses on military trends.
Second of all, Future warfare is expected to encompass irregular warfare as well as all segments of severe warfare. It will involve high degrees of future uncertainty and will be conducted at highly classified levels. Space, “informatisation,” joint all-domain operations, precision conventional strikes, artificial intelligence, and the use of foreign states and non-state groups are only a few of the alterations involved. These adjustments are not adequately grasped with the comprehensive data on forces and trends used in this evaluation, however they have already had a significant influence on the capability to influence, intimidate, deter, and fight, and China’s success in these areas—many of which are cutting-edge facets of civil technology and manufacturing—may be decisive in determining future military competition over the next several decades in ways that no one can now predict or assess.
Third, the U.S.’s emphasis on competition in the Pacific and the South China Sea, as well as China’s increasing pressure on South Korea, Japan, and India, has reinforced the importance of this data. Because the Chinese military has expanded in every region, this analysis shows that focus is justified. As a result, the U.S. has downplayed China’s ability to use its economic power globally to conduct gray and black operations, its ability to target Central Asian and Indian Ocean countries, its connection to Russia, and its status as a truly global power where its economic strength may compensate for its military weakness in projection. The focus of U.S. efforts to improve its ability to battle a significant China has been insufficient to compete against civil-military forces globally.
Fourth, China’s nuclear and dual nuclear/conventional warfighting forces and defenses may still improve in the future, and the U.S. is still in the process of creating a coherent strategy and force posture, as shown in President Trump’s FY2022 budget proposal. China is likely to create a more advanced mutual assured destruction capability at higher conflict levels, but will likely concentrate on economic and civilian competition – as well as gray areas, irregular, and conventional warfare at low levels. The nuclear balance is being redefined thanks to China’s emergence as a direct rival to the United States and as a much more robust military and economic power than Russia. The risk of nuclear escalation between the world’s major powers must now be evaluated in terms of three countries rather than two, and new types of conflict might further aggravate issues of deterrence, warfare, defense, and disarmament. ‘Mutual assured destruction’ and ‘mutual assured confusion and uncertainty’ are not the same thing.
Fifth, In international statistics, comparability issues are always more challenging, especially when they involve drastically different political, military, and economic systems. The data in this briefing are not exact figures from a particular source or method—which is not always described—but rather are rounded or adjusted to accurately reflect broad trends from classified sources. Current unclassified estimates are frequently absent or appear improbable because different data sources, experts, and comparison techniques concentrate on various metrics, time periods, and comparison techniques.
British Prime Minister Liz Truss criticised China’s actions in relation to Taiwan at the United Nations General Assembly in a meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, according to a Downing Street spokesperson. The statement noted that China’s recent actions had threatened Japan’s Special Economic Zone. They agreed to work together to tackle China’s strategic threat.
Working through international institutions like the G7, democracies must work together to constrain economic and security threats from authoritarian regimes, according to a joint statement from Truss and Kishida. The two met in New York to discuss how democracies can work together. Truss plans to pledge billions of pounds of additional support for Ukraine to defend itself against Russia on her first foreign trip since taking office in September.
China has never renounced the use of force to bring Taiwan under its control, which it regards as its own territory. Taiwan, which is democratically governed and which China claims as part of its own territory, strongly objects to China’s sovereignty claims. Britain’s backing of Lithuania’s Gitanas Nauseda, who is embroiled in a trade dispute with China, is emphasised after the meeting with Emmanuel Macron.
South Africans have filed a petition demanding the world’s largest diamond, worth $200 million, currently on Queen Elizabeth’s crown to return back.
The death of Princess Elizabeth II has saddened many in the world, but behind the grief of many, the people of South Africa have come to ask for the world’s largest diamond, which was originally found in their homeland, currently on the throne of Queen Elizabeth II to return to their homeland.
According to CNN, more than 6,000 people have signed a petition calling for the precious diamond to be returned to South Africa. At the same time, people raised the demand to get this amazing diamond back after South African President Cyril Ramaphosa sent a message of condolences to all members of the royal family on Twitter.
The world’s largest reclaimed diamond, the Cullinan, known as “The Great Star of Africa”, was found in a private mine in In the old Transvaal province of South Africa in 1905. The gem weighs 530 carats and is worth about $ 400 million. According to the Royal Collection Trust, the Cullinan diamond was a gift from King Edward VII from South Africa in 1907 on the occasion of his 66th birthday.
There are four things to be thoroughly considered:
A. A. Biden is trying to assert U.S. supremacy in the Asia-Pacific while Chinese influence is growing.
B. Biden is increasing his popularity and support both domestically and internationally by showing his toughness against China.
C. US is worried that if China takes over Taiwan, US supremacy will be dramatically decreased. No ally will trust America if Taiwan will be unified.
D. The United States is aware of China’s desire to unite Taiwan. One way to stop China is to trigger China to go to war.
2. In the news
In a statement this week, President Joe Biden appeared to depart from the US government’s approach of “strategic ambiguity” on the island by asserting the United States would safeguard Taiwan if China attacked.
The president was questioned by a 60 Minutes correspondent about whether US forces would defend Taiwan during an interview that aired Sunday night. In response, Biden said, “Yes, if there was an unprecedented attack.
The president continued by affirming that his government is in best interest of the “One China” policy, which upholds Beijing’s rule while allowing for unofficial ties with Taiwan.
“Taiwan determines their level of independence on their own. We aren’t changing and we don’t support their independence. We are not responsible for that; it is their choice “Biden said on Sunday.
–The size of the US economy has been surpassed by the country’s $31 trillion national debt.
-The public debt is a public curse. The Public hopes to see a better solution from their leaders.
-Some invest their confidences on the Republic, while others put no credence.
“Public debt is a public curse,” declared James Madison. Legislators have been arriving to Washington with the intention of reducing the size of the government for far too long, only to give in to the temptation to gain support by implementing expensive projects.
We the People have been submerged under a nearly unfathomable $31 trillion national debt as a result of this strategy, which has surpassed the size of our entire economy and has trillions more coming. Taxing families too little is not the root cause of these mind-numbing deficits. American taxpayers will actually pay $4.8 trillion in federal taxes this year, which is nearly $1 trillion more than what they paid in prior years after inflation.
In the meantime, President Biden has indeed authorised significant expenditure initiatives, such as a $1.9 trillion “stimulus,” a $1.2 trillion “green infrastructure” bill, a $500 billion “ObamaCare advancement and climate bill,” and most recently, an executive order authorizing the spending of $600 billion to restructure student loans.
The bipartisan Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget estimates that the total amount of new spending under this administration is close to $5 trillion. Hold on, things get worse! Washington is on track to borrow an additional $16 trillion over the following ten years and a staggering $114 trillion over the following three decades.
After a confidential session on Monday night, Senate republicans indicated their potential support for more Ukraine help that the Biden cabinet has asked. However, senators are anticipated to exclude other top White House goals from the impending stop-gap package to keep the government open.
To be included in the continuing resolution that is required to keep the government open through September 30 is $12 billion in aid for Ukraine, according to the Biden administration. GOP backing is crucial because it would need at least 10 Republican votes to end a blockade.
Sen. John Cornyn of Texas, a Republican, stated on Monday night that although negotiators are still debating the specifics of a bundle for Ukraine, it will be in the neighborhood of $11 billion and would contain humanitarian, economic, and military aid.
The discussions take place at a crucial juncture in Russia’s campaign in Ukraine. US officials generally saw Ukraine’s recent progress as proof that the kinds of weaponry and intelligence that the West has been giving to it in recent months have been successful.
The Biden administration has provided Ukraine with guns gradually since the crisis broke out in February, sometimes consenting to deliver equipment that would have been considered far too escalatory at the time.
Sun Quan had very strong commitments of protecting his land, conquering all invading adversaries, and ascending to the throne of his glorious county, but he had no desire to unite and conquer the entire empire. To keep adversaries from reaching his security heart, he used natural fences, water, mountains, and forests. Sun Quan regarded Wu (Riverland) as his ancestral homeland, which he has occupied for many generations, just as China regards Asian countries as the tributary state of Chinese domination. China’s fundamental policy is Sun Quan’s ideology, which states that in order for China to become a world power, it must first rule Asia, create a fence to keep the enemy out. China’s security is at its core. To prevent any threat and expand its powers, China has established the Anti-Access or Denial Area. The fate of China is determined by these locations, such as mountains and rivers determined Sun Quan’s. Liu Bei brought 700, 000 men to invade Wu, then it was the Wu that used the natural fences to destroy all the men.
For thousands of years, China has been a superpower on the continent. More importantly, China is now Asia’s largest food and energy consumer. Beijing has no Asian competitor who can compete with it. Japan is a small country in the middle of the island that relies on imports of natural resources and raw materials from others. Even it is an industrialized, civilized, and high-tech country, the military is still limited. It can only be regarded as Asia’s second-largest power. Russia is only strong in armaments but lacks the economic and geographical resources to penetrate Central Asia, Southeast Asia, or East Asia, and is besieged by Europe and the Islamic State in the Middle East; therefore it has no much influence in Asia. India is a country with a long history of civilization and geopolitical potential, but it should be ranked only third in Asia because its central government cannot effectively manage whole national affairs, the majority of its citizens live in poverty and unable to integrate due to class and religious divisions, the spread of corruption, and so on. Despite the fact that ASEAN is a regional organization with a significant geographical and economic function, these countries cannot avoid China’s economic impact and ambitions. The issue for China is how to maintain the healthy relations with Asian countries so that they do not join in calling external powers against it.
Sun Quan partnered with Liu Bei, who was then a weaker leader, in order to maintain his dominance in the region and to confront and oust Cao Cao. China has attempted to lead Asia economically, militarily, and politically while also reducing Western influence. President Xi Jinping has employed a severe iron fist approach to eradicating corruption in China’s domestic politics despite sparking the criticism that it is a strategy to beat opponents, it is the establishment of a clean Communist Party capable of growing the people and the nation, as well as satisfying and acceptable to the people. Furthermore, China believes that by implementing this policy, it will set an example for other Asian countries to follow. Against the United States, China’s military and security forces have sought to promote security cooperation in Asia through the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and a number of other nations are members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). China has given member countries billions of dollars in loans. Xi Jinping did not stop there; he also took the initiative to form a new security system that would bring all Asian countries together. “It is Asia’s responsibility to take over Asia’s affairs, address Asian affairs, and preserve Asia’s security,” Xi Jinping declared in 2014.
On the economic battlefield, China has surpassed the United States as the world’s largest commercial and trade partner, and it is attempting to expand its influence in order to limit the size and scope of Western competition. To improve regional collaboration and boost its economic power, China launched the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in 2016. China considers Asia to be the continent with the greatest infrastructure needs. In contrast to Western-backed financial organizations that only allow poor countries to engage in minimal global economic policy, AIIB provides a wide range of possibilities for its members. In this regard, China hopes that other nations will recognize the economic and financial injustices that have been initiated by the West. The AIIB is a key military leader, leading over 100 member countries in economic and financial battlefields against the World Bank of the United States and the Asian Development Bank of Japan, among many others.
To defeat Cao Cao and Liu Bei’s armies, Sun Quan used rivers and woodlands. Sun Quan and Liu Bei’s allies burned over one million Cao Cao’s soldiers, including the warships, at the Red Cliff Revere, relying on the natural advantages. The Allies disbanded once Sun and Liu became adversaries, and a brutal war ensued. To completely destroy Wu, Liu led a force of about 700,000 warriors. Wu, on the other hand, took advantage of the mountains’ geology to burn the Liu Bei’s army to ashes once again. In the eyes of China, the US is a distant leader, occupying and controlling its territorial waters and airspace from the first island chain to the surrounding Chinese borders. This is a very dangerous threat. The US enters into Chinese buffer zones. Yan Xuetong, one of China’s top strategists and one of the top 100 strategists in the world according to the American press, urged the Chinese regime that “China must not believe in international laws and systems to safeguard peace. The country must rely on expanding its military to preserve its own security.” The country, according to Ye Zicheng, must be ready to defend itself in the event of an attack. “China has been invaded by sea more than 100 times since 1842, causing immense agony and ruin to the country. Therefore, China must be ready to defend the waterway as a territorial defense and expel hostile soldiers from Chinese sovereign territories.”
Another top general, Peng Guangqian said that China’s main purpose was to limit the level of enemy influence in China’s security zones. “We must be very careful at all times to expand our sphere of influence, try to limit the Western politicization that is being tried to threat China.” China regards US activities the attempt to encircle and prevent China from growing. They even forecast that if war breaks out, it will be a high-tech conflict alongside the borders and seas. They also feel that China may have to go to battle against a high-tech country like the US to keep its sphere of influence.
China has devised a strategy to keep American troops out of its zone of influence which is called A2 / AD (Anti-Access / Area Denial). China has been working on a weapon system, focusing on long- and medium-range missiles for use against warships, aircraft carriers, submarines, and other warships. China’s goal is to counter and combat the presence of US ships on the western Pacific’s First and Second Islands. Simultaneously, China has created aircraft carriers, battleships, submarines, reconnaissance ships, and communications equipment in order to exert control over the US Navy in these areas.
China has historically been a superpower in Asia. Until now, China still thinks it is the most powerful and largest in Asia. Perhaps due to historical factors and the current situation urge China to build its hegemonic position in Asia. Chinese commanders all believed that if there will be a naval war with the United States, China would win, even if the US military technology capabilities are stronger than China. Both China and the United States believe that large-scale wars leading to the use of nuclear weapons may not be possible, but wars for supremacy may be possible. China, like Sun Quan, is concentrating on erecting walls and fences to safeguard its sovereignty. China, unlike Sun Quan, recognizes the historical lessons of Sun Quan’s failure since he had no desire to increase his power. China could win if it could just push its ships further and gain control of major seaports such as the South China Sea, Taiwan, and the South Pacific, and establish a network that stretches from the South China Sea to the Gulf of India, the Persian Sea, and all the way to Africa. By land, China is no different than other major powers, which recognize that the finest security zones are found in smaller countries connected borders, rather than in their own country.
According to the US Navy, two US warships transited the Taiwan Strait on Sunday for the first time since China conducted unusual military drills near the island. The transit, according to a statement from the US Navy, “demonstrates the United States’ commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific.” After US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taipei earlier this month, tensions along the Taiwan Strait reached their maximum height in years.
Beijing launched days-long air and sea drills near Taiwan as a result of the outrage. In order to prepare for an invasion, Taipei denounced missile drills and tests. China, which considers the democratic, independent island to be a part of its territory that will someday be taken, by force if necessary.
Despite de facto relations with Taiwan and support for the island’s right to decide its own future, Washington diplomatically acknowledges Beijing as having superiority over Taipei. USS Antietam and USS Chancellorsville, two guided-missile cruisers of the Ticonderoga class, were reportedly in “routine” transit on Sunday “across waters in which liberties of navigation apply” and “overflight on the high seas in accordance with international law.”
In 1945, two atomic bombs were dropped on the major Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The two bombs forced Japan’s vicious military invader to submit and fly back over the occupied territories. Japan also agreed to hand over all of its territory to US sovereignty and was compelled to unconditionally disarm its military. The bombing was undoubtedly a terrible act, but it stopped a much worse one and brought a lot of life and freedom to Asia and the rest of the world. General MacArthur branded war criminals and proclaimed world peace after landing in Japan.
It is my greatest wish and hope for the world, he declared. We have a wonderful chance to protect the environment from the devastation caused by conflict, bloodshed, and cruelty. Rebuilding this world requires faith, comprehension, and protection of human dignity. “All atrocities and war crimes must end.”
Each word is the result of careful policy consideration and an in-depth analysis of American worldviews. According to this viewpoint, the United States is a peacemaker and savior who abhors atrocities and thinks that aggressive wars and the oppression of weak people and nations must be put an end to.
Following World War II, a large number of important international institutions were established with the goals of preserving peace, advancing global economic development, promoting human values and dignity, and, in particular, the new world order. Invading nations from World War II have been contacted by the United States to sign a treaty, hand over their leaders for trial, and enact legislation outlawing any actions that violate human dignity. The concepts has been hugely successful for American foreign policy.
“As long as the nation and the people gain benefits from the leadership, leader maybe still a hero even though his sometime does unrighteous things.” Cao Cao, Liu Bei, and Sun Quan are all examples of China. It is entirely up to you to place a score on it. For Chinese leaders, the position as the superpower is only China itself that can make it possible. Others’ opinions and judgments are not necessary to thwart Chinese ambition. This is the most critical issue facing China today. Therefore, China must be willing to take risks without regard for moral standards in order to guarantee its national interest”.
Julia Bader further stated that in order to acquire access to these immense natural riches, China has backed other countries regardless of their dictatorships, human rights violations, or corruption. The national interests urge it to strengthen ties with other countries in order to allow Chinese corporations to invest in and extract natural resources, even if those ventures do not serve the people and damage the environment. In addition, the nation supports the leaders of these countries in their fight against Western sanctions and assists them in strengthening their ruling. In exchange, those leaders have to recognize China’s one-China policy and its many initiatives, as well as transference of natural resources to China’s firms.
Chinese investment in these continents and regions rose by more than tenfold between 2002 and 2013, effectively influencing the economies of several countries. China has also established a “debt trapping” approach, in which debt and aid are used as bait. Moreover, China is demanding the ability to dominate natural resources, seaports, and military sites in countries such as Sri Lanka, Djibouti, Tajikistan, and Pakistan, among others, in exchange for significant quantities of aid.
In 2016, Chinese funding to Africa surged from more than $2 billion to $30 billion. China’s massive aid is a key aspect of the country’s large-scale foreign investment strategy to acquire raw materials and natural resources in order to extend its influence and strength. Between 2000 and 2017, China lent more than $143 billion to African governments and businesses. Angola, Zambia, the Republic of Congo, and Sudan are the countries that owe China the most.
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