Experts Speak Out on Ukraine Diplomatic Solutions

Is it possible to end the conflict in Ukraine through diplomacy? If yes, how and when will you do it? In pursuit of solutions, RM staff delved through recent comments from experts on both sides of the geopolitical divide. Even before Russian and Ukrainian authorities said this week that peace talks were “on hold,” no one expected a long-term agreement to be reached anytime soon.

That should unsurprising, given that neither of the combatants has given up prospect of victory. “The conflict… will not finish until the protagonists understand that they will not be able to achieve all of their original goals and will have to accept a less-than-ideal conclusion,” as Harvard’s Stephen Walt put it. This may be the one point of agreement between Russian and Ukrainian experts.

If the warring parties are able to begin serious negotiations, a lasting peace accord will need to meet their minimal security demands, such as Ukraine’s need for security assurances and Russia’s request for Ukraine’s impartiality. Here are some of the theories being discussed among analysts:

-A “Ukrainian treaty of neutrality,” as proposed by George Beebe and Anatol Lieven, would include the adequate security Kyiv wants, with contributions from UN Security Council members as well as Turkey, Israel, Canada, Germany, and Poland. Russia would remove its objections to Ukraine joining the EU, deferring resolution of problematic issues like Crimea’s sovereignty and the separatist Donbas republics.

-Ukraine is still armed: Rose Gottemoeller, Thomas Graham, and Rajan Menon, as well as Audrey Kurth Cronin, believe that Ukrainian neutrality could be part of the answer; nonetheless, they all point out that neutrality does not imply disarmament. Cronin says Ukraine can learn from Switzerland, Sweden, and Finland, while Gottemoeller suggests Austria.

A Korea scenario, perhaps? Graham Allison of Harvard has drawn parallels between the situation in Ukraine and the Korean peninsula, claiming that dividing Ukraine into two pieces without a formal treaty would allow the Western-allied side of Ukraine to develop, similar to South Korea.

More specifics on US-Mexico demarcation line planning are planned from the Biden administration

When a Trump-era pandemic embargo lifts, the Biden cabinet, under criticism from Legislature to show it is prepared for a surge of migrants, is set to give out more of its strategies for the US-Mexico border, according to two sources involved with preparation .

Democrats and Republicans have been interrogating the administration ahead of the cancellation of Title 42, a public health authority that authorizes border authorities to push away migrants at the US southern boundary. The authority’s termination, which was originally used in March 2020, has fanned fears of a migrant influx, given pent-up demand, and slowed other legislative initiatives.

Israel replies to Gaza rockets with warplanes, sparking clashes in Jerusalem

As the worst tensions in months simmered, Palestinians and Israeli paramilitary forces battled early Thursday outside the gateway to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem’s Old City, while Israel replied to rocket attacks from Gaza with airstrikes.

Hundreds of Israeli police officers were seen on the courtyard outside the mosque shortly after sunrise on Thursday, as Palestinians fired rockets at them from within the mosque. Police shock grenades were seen being fired in other cameras.

The recent firing of rockets from within mosque, one of which triggered a minor flame in a carpet, was regarded by police as an act of sacrilege. Allegations that the Al-Aqsa mosque is being desecrated are frequently leveled by both parties, with Palestinians and others alleging that Israeli security forces damage the structure when they enter it.

Following that, Israeli jets struck Hamas targets in Gaza, according to the military. According to the report, one of the strikes targeted the entrance of an underground facility that makes launch systems. There have been no reports of casualties in Gaza.

Henry Kissinger explained the Russo-Ukrainian Relations

Serhii Plokhy accurately points out in his piece “The empire returns”  that President Vladimir Putin’s insistence that Ukraine be prevented from Nato is the current version of a Russian policy that dates back to the Soviet Union’s disintegration in 1991.

(Henry Kissinger, Former US secretary of State)

Nato leaders have stated correctly that they are committed to resolving Russia’s security vulnerabilities, but then assert that Russia has no significant security anxieties because Nato is a defensive military alliance. Regardless of wether we want it or not, a Nato that now neighbours Russia and may soon border much more of Russia is considered as a security threat by Russia.

“Internationally, [Ukraine] should seek a position analogous to that of Finland,” Henry Kissinger stated in the Washington Post in 2014. That country declares its staunch independence, cooperates with the Western throughout many domains, but it has to avoids systemic enmity against Russia.”

It would be absurd to expect Ukraine to become permanently “Finlandized.” However, Nato should be able to put up precise recommendations for negotiating a new treaty with Russia that does not breed institutional animosity, in close collaboration with Ukraine. This would include a verifiable removal of nuclear-capable missiles, comprehensive strategic trust measures such as regulating numbers and delimitation deployment, and international agreement on Russia’s and Ukraine’s currently contentious borders.

Globalization in the Age of Great Power Rivalry

Major issues

With a rising People’s Republic of China (PRC) and a revisionist Russia, the United States finds itself in a moment of renewed great power confrontation. Given its massive military, economic, and development power, the PRC poses a unique challenge. Economic means, such as development financing (including international aid), investment and trade, and digital technology, will be significantly more important in contending with the PRC.

The US has historically depended on international aid to achieve geopolitical goals; in dealing with the PRC, it should remember its history. Good development policy must be at the heart of US assistance in strategic situations, as history has shown.

In contrast to the People’s Republic of China, the United States has a compelling development strategy based on transformation rather than transaction.

The Biden administration is operating in a drastically altered foreign environment. Climate change, the persisting Covid-19 pandemic, an aggressive PRC, and a revisionist Russia are all concerns that demand a robust, diversified reaction from the US.

The PRC has actively used a combination of economic, commercial, and economic instruments to provide a clear alternative to the United States and its partners in Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, southern Asia, and other emerging regions. The Biden administration is working on new ways to deal with the People’s Republic of China, but it needs a framework that uses foreign aid, official finance, and other economic weapons to fight the PRC’s influence and reclaim its leadership role. To do so, the Biden administration must recall instances during the Cold War when the US government successfully employed foreign assistance to achieve geostrategic goals.

First and foremost, it should prioritize good development practice in any reaction that involves international assistance. Foreign assistance allowed economic growth, poverty reduction, and ultimately representative government during the Cold War when the US had a long-term approach, engaged local governments and partners, and aligned with local development objectives. The State Department and USAID should make this apparent as the United States’ development model. They should make it clear that not all US foreign assistance will be viewed through the prism of opposing the PRC, but that there will be times and places where it will be. However, a model and framework will be insufficient; funding and programming will be required.

Second, the government should place a high priority on industries and locations that are strategically essential or where the US has a competitive edge. Existing foreign assistance programs may be terminated in some cases due to reprioritization if they are not strategically vital. With Congress facing a substantial rise in the deficit and overall government debt as a result of Covid-19 and new proposed domestic spending projects, the atmosphere for large increases in foreign assistance is difficult. If Republicans retake Congress in the 2022 midterm elections, they are unlikely to support major spending increases, though it is worth noting that bipartisan support for foreign aid prevented drastic cuts under the Trump administration. In light of this, the administration should conduct a review of existing US assistance programs worldwide.

Third, while the US should pick where it spends its foreign aid, the government should pursue — and Congress should grant — a modest increase in the topline international funding budget. In its FY 2022 budget request, the Biden administration properly requested an increase of just under $7 billion; it is likely that Congress will approve this when it completes its budget negotiations in the coming weeks. However, this is insufficient, and the administration should seek an increase in FY 2023. To ensure a continued robust response to the Covid-19 epidemic, such an increase should be addressed to flexible spending accounts within the State and Foreign Operations budget.

Fourth, the government should endeavor to build a broad range of financial measures to confront the PRC, in addition to increasing overall foreign assistance. This will entail examining all aspects of US official funding, including the DFC, ExIm, sovereign loans and loan guarantees, as well as USAID’s soft and concessional loans. Importantly, loans granted by USAID and other federal agencies do not require dollar-for-dollar assistance; instead, Congress would need to appropriate a certain amount of money to cover the “subsidy” cost of a concessional rate loan. This means that USAID may provide significantly more funding without having to request a significant increase in the State and Foreign Operations fund.

Russian-Ukrainian War: What NATO Expects from Sanctions?

Through continuous sanctions and massive transfer of money and weapons from the West, to help Ukraine against Russia, perhaps:

1• Trying to prolong the war to make sure that Russia will vastly cost in terms of lives and economy, and NATO can use the CIA to cooperate and urge Russian people to protest against Putin, then topple him.

2• If Putin can’t resist to this sanctions and lose of controlling his temper and decide to use nuclear, or declare a world war against the sanctions, NATO expected that the Russian internal disputes will be extremely fractured. Some of generals will betray Putin. (lead to assassination?)

3• It is also a warning and deterring to China to see what if it invade Taiwan. Otherwise, before the peaceful talk be achieved, NATO wants to put Russia and Ukraine into the great destruction to provoke the permanent adversary among the two countries.

The West is taking advantage by taking the photos of the drowning-Ukraine and showing the world how merciful the west is and how brutal Russia is.

Russia warns: The Possibility of Nuclear War

Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned other countries not to intervene in Ukraine, otherwise they will face “unprecedented consequences” while the world is worried about the possibility of Nuclear War. Putin made the warning in a speech on Thursday, shortly after announcing a military operation against Ukraine. The Russian strongman did not mention the use of nuclear weapons, but his warnings are raising concerns of a nuclear war if the war in Ukraine merged into other NATO members.

Ukraine is not a member of NATO, and the United States has said it will not send troops to help Ukraine fight Russian troops. But Washington has said it will step in immediately if Russia invades NATO members, in accordance with Article 5, which states that attacks on NATO members are attacks on NATO as a whole, which requires all member states to take action.

Russia and Ukraine: 5 Reasons to Know Why

The war will be the Russia’s biggest sacrifice and confrontation with the West economically, and also led to long-term tensions. But Russia decided to go to war for the following reasons:

1.  For security and power reasons: at all costs, Russia must absolutely prevent the United States and NATO from approaching its borders, especially to include Ukraine with NATO, because it would be the greatest threat and a long-term obstacle for Russia to expand its power.

2. It shows that Russia is not as weak as it used to be in front of  NATO. Russia is now stronger and strong  enough to face more enemies and shows its power over the surrounding countries. Russia well-calculated that  it  is the EU that imports their products and services to sell in Russia more than  Russia to them.  

3. Russia well-calculated  that up to 40% of its oil and gas is being  supplied to Europe and is Europe’s  fifth largest trading partner. Europe’s overreaction to Russia’s invasion will lead to mutual destruction, and China will benefit the most. But if NATO does not respond strictly to Russia, it is a confirmation to the world that NATO is in decline.  Psychologically, Russia also understands that both the United States and Europe dislike China, so they can not let China benefit alone while they are biting each other. Therefore, the United States and Europe may not come to bite Russia until China is the sole beneficiary.

4. Russia is teaching China that even the territory of other countries it still dares to invade and cut into pieces. Why is China still afraid of invading Taiwan? China, on the other hand, responded psychologically by announcing that its citizens living in Ukraine should carry Chinese flags with them when traveling and keep staying at home. China wants to say that I have to cultivate nationalism deeply first, so that all Chinese people love their country strongly and keep the nation as important as their lives. China later said it understood Russia’s security concerns, meaning that if China were to invade Taiwan, Russia also would have to understand and help say a few good words for China to the world.  

5. Russia successfully split a strong enemy nearby itself into a weak enemy and created a satellite state (splitting Ukraine into parts).

The World Leaders should Take Serious and Urgent Measures

Let me share with you my deepest concern and I think will be the shared care of the whole world we are living in. The article is also writing to call for the great attention from the world to take urgent and serious measures to take the best cares of the world we are living in , the planet. I also as one of the members of world would calling for world leaders to respect for and adhere to Sustainable Development Goals scrupulously and firmly. The goals, in my point of views, is easy to achieve if we can persuade the whole world to bear these concerns in their minds. Admittedly, the hardest thing is to persuade the world.

”We are determined to protect and prevent the planet from degradation and destruction, to encourage for the sustainable consumption and productions ” SDGs stated. The compulsory measures needed to be applied to realize the goals. In contradiction, Various destructive activities are conducted worldwide and everywhere. The deforestation and land-clearing for farming land were expanded rapidly. Just for 30 years, the world has lost over 420 million hectares of the forest by deforestation and land-clearing for farming. Air and ocean pollution are spreading dramatically and sadly.

We all are going to experience the changes that ever seen. The places used to have much rain will be less. The places where there has no rain will be in flood. The ices are melting. Various viruses are emerging and transmitting from animals to human from human to human. The climate change will be very extreme, too hot, too cold, too rainy and too drought. It is not overstating or exaggerating. The realities that we will face if we do not take care about the planet and Climate Change.

Introduction to three kingdoms

The Romance of Three Kindoms of the World is a combined tittle divided into two parts: the Romance of Three Kingdoms and the world. The Romance of three Kingdoms derived from the most famous Chinese political and historical movie elegantly written base on era in which China was divided into three kingdoms. The Romance of Three Kingdoms is magnificent of the arts of leadership and management, rich-philosophies, strategical nimbleness, eloquences, and deceptions. And the last word “the world” which is the planet we live in and divided into different regions, continents, and countries.

The world is so interactive and interdependent. The world here is crucially referred to the rivalries, struggling, treacheries, and strategic competitions among the great powers to gain their dominations, interests, and powers. To completely understood, the Romance of Three Kingdoms of the world is the comparation and the reflection on the ways, principles, and strategies of the great powers by using the critical ideas and events presented in the Romance of Three Kingdoms.

The politics is an absolutely required tasks and duties of the people to be kept in tuned since it impacts and involves directly on our lives, living standards, and situations. We hear the political interpretations and analyses whether by experts or by the simple minded almost everyday. Meanwhile, we frequently hear the political interpreting by comparing the Romance of Three Kingdoms’ strategies.

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Experts Speak Out on Ukraine Diplomatic Solutions

Is it possible to end the conflict in Ukraine through diplomacy? If yes, how and when will you do it? In pursuit...