Henry Kissinger said that “Russia wants to establish the absolute security”. However, Russia has geopolitical and geo-economic threats. It feels insecure with the borders with China, the expansion of EU, and the upheaval in Middle East, and especially it has the long border with radical Islam. The fast growth of China’s influence, and expansion of EU by adding new members that is pushing closer to Russian border, and US invasion of Middle East, cutting the Russian pipelines supply to EU, the sanctions over Crimea, as well as the connecting borders with the radical Islamic states, Russia finds itself very weak and insecure.
Historically, Russia was invaded from two directions. First, it was invaded by Mongolia from the vast grassland of Central Asia. The Second was through the Northern EU plain. To reduce these threats, in the Cold War, Soviet invaded EU to great the buffer zones, and invaded the Central Asia. In 2008 Russia went to war with Georgia in South Ossetia for protection of its citizens whom lived there. But it was the afraid of US and Georgia cooperation and it would threat to Russia ‘security. And in 2014, Russia annexed the Crimea for the purpose of security and geopolitics to empower itself and remove threats. In 1997, Russian strategic thinker Aleksandr Dugin wrote the book for geopolitical map for Russia which was entitled “The Foundations of Geopolitics: The Geopolitical Future of Russia”. The book was used among the Russian politicians and military as well as elites. They also stated that the book would “serve as a mighty ideological foundation for preparing a new military command”.