It seems that there is not greater thinker that understand China better than Henry Kissinger. He is an elder statesman, a political scientist, a strategic thinker, a diplomat and a geo-political consultant. He has played the very imminent roles in international politics. He spend all his energy, thoughts and life on the global politics, and the initiator of Sino-US relations. Henry has engaged with Chinese leaders since the first generation of Mao until now. He is the master of Sino-US relations story since the time of Mao. Henry is the most experienced on politics. Henry Kissinger wrote a very great book “On China”.
The book elaborates the nature of Chinese strategic thinking in the very lengthy on the major fields. However, it was summarized to understand China as “China prefers to seek and build superior force, psychological domination rather that to confront and engage in conflict directly. It always focuses on the long-term, supremacy, subtlety, indirection, and patient to formulate the relative advantage”. The ancient Chinese strategic and military thinker Sun Tzu said “The supreme art of war is to subdue enemy without fighting”.
The nature of strategy that looking for building the advantaged and superior positions is now transforming to the “Comprehensive national power” which is seeking to empower China in all dimensions. Sun also taught to “avoid the strengths, attack the weakness of enemy”, “appear where we are not expected, and attack where they do not defend”. It poses two perspectives: avoid the direct confrontation, and do beyond the expectation”. “First, attack the strategy, second, attack the allies, and then attack the enemy to seek quick victory”, Sun added. In the Art of War, Sun Tsu said “the art of war is of crucial importance to existence of the State, the matter of life and death, the road to safety and ruin”. Therefore, it must be constantly calculated and compared the five factors to determine the military conditions are: (1) The Moral Law; (2) the climate (seasons), (3) Earth (geopolitics); (4) The Commander; (5) Method and discipline.