The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an ambitious effort to improve regional cooperation and connectivity on a trans-continental scale. China stands as the center of world and draws those over 65 countries, maybe expanding to the world and organizations, to connect to the main land China by sharing mutual benefit and consultation. China acts as the bigger, leader, founder, has more money and ideas, and expect to spread its influence over. The BRI aims to strengthening the infrastructure, trade and investment. It covers the most population of the world, 75 percent of energy reserves, and most of them are developing countries.
This is what Henry Kissinger concerns the most. He said “it works purely on economy and strategy, nothing to deal with military”. “China’s Belt and Road Initiative, in seeking to connect China to Central Asia and eventually to Europe will have the practical significance of shifting the world’s center of gravity from the Atlantic to the Pacific and will involve the cultures of Eurasia, each of whom will have to decide what relationship to this region they will see, and so will the United States,” Kissinger said. He continued “I am not worry in much in South China Sea. What I am worry the most is the Belt and Road. Nothing can stop because it is not the military plan”. He suggested America to join the One Belt One Road.
Therefore, the nature of Chinese strategic thinking is looking for the relative advantages, building up the strength step by carefully step, combining the major elements of power, and using the strategic flexibility through its “Comprehensive National Power”. China wants the protracted campaign and bide the time to growth and it can be seen aggressively when its power is strong enough. As Eisenman and Heginbotham wrote in the book “China Steps Out: Beijing’s Major Power Engagement with the Developing World”, that China’s foreign policy encompasses major fields of cooperation on “economic interest, diplomatic ties, military and security cooperation, political and cultural ties” all the regions. And when all of these elements growth, the Chinese influence over those regions also does.